National Gambling Impact Study Commission
On this page, you can access the final report of the National Gambling Impact Study Commission. On June 18, 1999 the commission concluded its two-year exploration into the social and economic impact of legalized gambling in the United States. In fulfillment of their responsibilities, the Commission submitted a detailed report of their findings to the President, Congress, Governors and Tribal Leaders. These are the original files of the National Gambling Impact Study Commission as downloaded from their website when it was in service. We are providing these files as a public service.

NGISC Final Report

  • Introduction: PDF

  • Table of Contents: PDF

  • Chapter 1, Overview: the expansion of legalized gambling; impact and controversy (a moving target), the role of government (no master plan); the lack of information (time for a pause). PDF

  • Chapter 2, Gambling in the United States: lotteries (growth of lotteries, types of lottery games, the contradictory role of state governments); convenience gambling and stand-alone electronic gambling devices (issues); casinos; riverboat casinos; native american tribal gambling; pari-mutuel wagering (the horse-racing industry, the greyhound industry, jai alai, issues, egd's and the pari-mutuel industry, simulcasting and account wagering); sports wagering (issues); internet. PDF

  • Chapter 3, Gambling Regulation: governments set the rules; gambling and the public interest; regulating gambling (the federal role); the state role (lotteries); casinos (administrative structure); pari-mutuel gambling (administrative structure); sports wagering (despite being widespread most sports wagering is illegal, what is being done and what can be done); convenience gambling and stand-alone electronic gambling devices; advertising (supporting a restriction of advertising, the foundation for the ban: the Federal Communications Act, is the ban an indirect gambling regulation?, the New Orleans case, interpretations of New Orleans, lottery advertising), recommendations; legislative clarity of purpose (constitutional considerations, organization of regulation, extent of gambling authorized, suitability and investigations, enforcement, conformance with anti-gambling statutes, non-gambling business relationships, problem and underage gambling); general guidelines; underage guidelines. PDF

  • Chapter 4, Problem and Pathological Gambling: the research (risk factors for problem and pathological gambling); estimating the prevalence (the commission’s research findings); characteristics of pathological gamblers; under-age problem gambling; the costs of problem gamblers (the costs to problem and pathological gamblers, the costs to society); treating the problem (private sector efforts, casino questionnaire, non-profit and other efforts, government response); conclusion; recommendations. PDF

  • Chapter 5, Internet Gambling: the emergence of internet gambling; types of internet gambling sites; candidates for prohibition (youth gambling, pathological gamblers, criminal use); state of the law: the applicability of 18 U.S.C. § 1084; regulation or prohibition? (state efforts, Native American internet gambling); an enhanced federal role at state request (federal efforts); other actions; obstacles to regulation; recommendations. PDF

  • Chapter 6, Native American Tribal Gambling: growth of tribal gambling; tribal sovereignty and Indian gambling (federal policy: failure of the “trust responsibility” and alternative revenue source to Indian gambling, the move toward self-determination, review of regulations, state criticism if IGRA, mechanism for handling impasse between tribes and states, other mechanisms); local community impacts; economic development; employment laws and Indian tribal governments; other issues for consideration (taxation, exclusivity payments, off-reservation gambling); recommendations. PDF

  • Chapter 7, Gambling’s Impacts on People and Places: determining the impact of gambling; growth and employment (pari-mutuel, Native American tribal government gambling, other gambling industries); a careful look at economic benefits (crime, financial and credit issues, other economic impacts, local effects); the social impact of gambling (problem and pathological gambling, adolescent gambling, responding to adolescent gambling, suicide, divorce, homelessness, abuse and neglect, local effects); conclusion; recommendations. PDF

  • Chapter 8, Future Research Recommendations: PDF


  • Appendix 1, Commission Member’s Statements: PDF

  • Appendix 2, Commission Members: Kay C. James, Chair; William A. Bible; James C. Dobson, Ph.D.; J. Terrence Lanni; Richard C. Leone; Robert W. Loescher; Leo T. McCarthy; Paul Harold Moore, M.D.; John W. Wilhelm. PDF

  • Appendix 3, Acknowledgments: PDF

  • Appendix 4, National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act: public law 104-169. PDF
  • Appendix 6, Sources of Information and Resources on Gambling: PDF

  • Appendix 7, Glossary. PDF

  • Appendix 8, Catalog of Gambling Laws, Regulations, and Ordinances: list of tribal-state compacts, federal, state and local laws, regulations, and ordinances. PDF

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